Skill-based empowerment, meaning that parties are empowered by improving their own conflict-resolution skills. 

Empowerment in the mediation context is referred to as increasing the skills of both sides to make better decisions for themselves and further, ‘the restoration to individuals of a sense of their own value and strength and their own capacity to handle life’s problems’ (Bush and Folger, 2004; pp 156). Empowerment occurs in transformative mediation when the opportunities arise…