The challenge for mediators is often how to avoid the problem of mediator directedness and placing responsibility for all outcomes on the parties in dispute.
According to Bush and Folger, recognition must be based on empowerment in that parties must be confident in their freedom to make decisions regarding the course of the dispute (Bush and Folger, 2004; pp 156).
Where facilitative mediators often play a large role in shaping settlement terms and obtaining the parties’ agreement, the transformative approach avoids the problem of mediator directedness and places responsibility for all outcomes on the disputants. It does not seek resolution of the immediate problem, but rather seeks the empowerment and mutual recognition of the parties involved.
- Bush, R A. Baruch and Folger, J P., 2004: The Promise of Mediation: The Transformative Approach to Conflict, 2nd ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
- Bush, R A. Baruch and Folger, J P., 2007: The Promise of Mediation, pp 266-275
- Spangler, B, 2003. Problem-Solving Mediation. Beyond Intractability. Eds. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. Conflict Information Consortium, University of Colorado, Boulder. Posted: September.