Unlike facilitative or problem-solving mediation where the mediator uses reframing to clarify issues, the transformative mediator allows the parties to choose how much they want to recognise the views of the opponent. It is possible that recognition may lead to complete reconciliation between the disputants however on the other hand, the disputants may recognise each other to a lesser extent and may be willing to suspend self-interest only momentarily, or not at all, in order to recognise the other (Spangler, B, 2003).
Additionally, where facilitative mediators often play a large role in shaping settlement terms and obtaining the parties’ agreement, the transformative approach avoids the problem of mediator directedness and places responsibility for all outcomes on the disputants. It does not seek resolution of the immediate problem, but rather seeks the empowerment and mutual recognition of the parties involved.
- Spangler, B, 2003. Problem-Solving Mediation. Beyond Intractability. Eds. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. Conflict Information Consortium, University of Colorado, Boulder. Posted: September.
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